Histamine 2 receptor antagonists vs intravenous proton pump inhibitors in a pediatric intensive care unit: A comparison of gastric pH

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess gastric pH in critically ill pediatric patients receiving intravenous stress ulcer medication. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was done in 48 patients with a gastric tube in place who were receiving either ranitidine or a proton pump inhibitor and no enteral nutrition. Daily peak and trough gastric pHs were measured. Results: The median age was 7 years 5 months (range, 1 month to 19 years), the median weight was 31 kg (range, 3-130 kg), and the median pediatric risk of mortality 2 (PRISM2) score was 12.5 (range, 0-31). All patients were intubated and 8 received dialysis. The average trough pH was 4.4 ± 1.6 in the ranitidine group, 4.9 ± 1.8 in the once daily proton pump inhibitor group, and 5.0 ± 1.2 in the twice daily proton pump inhibitor group (P = .16). The average peak pH was 5.3 ± 1.8 in the ranitidine group, 5.9 ± 1.6 in the once daily proton pump inhibitor group, and 6.0 ± 1.0 in the twice daily proton pump inhibitor group (P = .06). Three (10%) of 28 trough pH measurements in the twice daily proton pump inhibitor group were more acidic than 4 vs 24 (40%) of 60 in the ranitidine group, and 22 (40%) of 56 in the once daily proton pump inhibitor group (P = .02). One (4%) of 27 peak pH measurements in the twice daily proton pump inhibitor group were more acidic than 4 vs 13 (20%) of 61 in the ranitidine group, and 9 (16%) of 56 in the once daily proton pump inhibitor group (P = .12). Three patients (6%; 95% confidence interval, 0.51%-16%) developed upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and 4 patients (8%; 95% confidence interval, 0%-13%) developed ventilator-acquired pneumonia. Conclusions: Many critically ill pediatric patients receiving stress ulcer prophylaxis have a trough or peak gastric pH more acidic than 4. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tofil NM; Benner KW; Fuller MP; Winkler MK
  • Start Page

  • 416
  • End Page

  • 421
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 3