Condom use and the risk of recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, or infertility following an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease

Academic Article


  • Among 684 sexually active women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) followed up for a mean of 35 months, we related contraceptive use to self-reported PID recurrence, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Persistent use of condoms during the study reduced the risk of recurrent PID, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Consistent condom use (about 60% of encounters) at baseline also reduced these risks, after adjustment for confounders, by 30% to 60%. Self-reported persistent and consistent condom use was associated with lower rates of PID sequelae.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ness RB; Randall H; Richter HE; Peipert JF; Montagno A; Soper DE; Sweet RL; Nelson DB; Schubeck D; Hendrix SL
  • Start Page

  • 1327
  • End Page

  • 1329
  • Volume

  • 94
  • Issue

  • 8