© 2015 Southern Medical Association. Objectives To characterize pain and exposure after Prolift placement and identify risk factors. Methods A case series of women who underwent Prolift vaginal mesh were surveyed. Pain was assessed using a visual analog scale. Exposure was evaluated clinically. Results Of 183 eligible patients, 160 completed the survey, and 45 returned for examination. Mean preoperative pain score was 0.97 and postoperative was 1.35 (P = 0.12). Pre- and postoperative pain scores by compartment were: anterior (1.34 vs 1.25, mean change -0.09, P = 0.84), posterior (1.30 vs 1.56, mean change 0.26, P = 0.72), and total (0.63 vs 1.34, mean change 0.71, P = 0.05). Graft exposure was confirmed in 23 of 183 patients (12.6%); however, because asymptomatic patients were not examined, the true exposure rate may be underestimated. Hematoma formation is independently associated with mesh exposure, adjusted odds ratio 18.4 (95% confidence interval 3.4-147.4, P = 0.01). Conclusions Although pain scores did not increase overall, there was a trend toward increased pain score in the patients with total (anterior and posterior) Prolift. Hematoma formation was significantly associated with mesh exposure.