Preoperative Urodynamic Parameters (Valsalva Leak Point Pressure and Maximum Urethral Closure Pressure), Urinary Collagen and Plasma Vitamin D Levels as Predictors of Mid Urethral Sling Surgery Outcome.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PURPOSE: To determine the best predictor of the mid urethral sling outcome we calculated the AUC of ROC curves of preoperative parameters, including Valsalva leak point pressure, maximum urethral closure pressure, urinary NTx (N-telopeptide of crosslinked type I collagen) and plasma vitamin D values (D2, D3 and D2 plus D3). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an ancillary study of TOMUS (Trial of Mid-urethral Slings) and the ValUE (Value of Urodynamics Evaluation) trial in which subjects underwent mid urethral sling surgery for stress urinary incontinence. Valsalva leak point pressure and maximum urethral closure pressure were measured in 427 subjects, whereas NTx, vitamin D2, vitamin D3 and vitamin D2 plus D3 levels were obtained from 150, 116, 115 and 116 subjects respectively. Outcome success was defined using identical outcome (subjective and objective) variables for all subjects. ROC curves with corresponding AUC values were compared. RESULTS: TOMUS and ValUE subjects were significantly different in age, body mass index, UDI (Urogenital Distress Inventory) scores. TOMUS subjects had a lower surgical success rate compared to ValUE subjects (66.3% vs 76.0%, p = 0.03). The AUC values of Valsalva leak point pressure, maximum urethral closure pressure, NTx, and vitamins D2, D3 and D2 plus D3 were 0.542, 0.561, 0.702, 0.627, 0.645 and 0.640, respectively. The AUC of NTx was significantly higher than the AUCs of Valsalva leak point pressure and maximum urethral closure pressure (p = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Urinary NTx was the best predictor of the mid urethral sling outcome. This test is not only noninvasive, it is also modifiable. Finding ideal modifiable risk factors prior to mid urethral sling surgery should be subject to future investigations.
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    Published In

    Keywords

  • biomarkers, outcome assessment (health care), suburethral sling, urethra, urodynamics, Biomarkers, Body Mass Index, Collagen, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Pressure, Prognosis, Risk Factors, Suburethral Slings, Urethra, Urinary Incontinence, Stress, Urodynamics, Urologic Surgical Procedures, Valsalva Maneuver, Vitamin D
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 6134813
  • Author List

  • Chai TC; Moalli PA; Richter HE; Lake AG; Kim H-Y; Nager CW; Sirls LT; Brubaker L; Kusek JW
  • Start Page

  • 819
  • End Page

  • 823
  • Volume

  • 196
  • Issue

  • 3