Full neurologic recovery and return of spontaneous circulation following prolonged cardiac arrest facilitated by percutaneous left ventricular assist device.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Sudden cardiac arrest is associated with high early mortality, which is largely related to postcardiac arrest syndrome characterized by an acute but often transient decrease in left ventricular (LV) function. The stunned LV provides poor cardiac output, which compounds the initial global insult from hypoperfusion. If employed early, an LV assist device (LVAD) may improve survival and neurologic outcome; however, traditional methods of augmenting LV function have significant drawbacks, limiting their usefulness in the periarrest period. Full cardiac support with cardiopulmonary bypass is not always readily available but is increasingly being studied as a tool to intensify resuscitation. There have been no controlled trials studying the early use of percutaneous LVADs (pLVADs) in pericardiac arrest patients or intra-arrest as a bridge to return of spontaneous circulation. This article presents a case study and discussion of a patient who arrested while undergoing an elective coronary angioplasty and suffered prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation. During resuscitation, treatment included placement of a pLVAD and initiation of therapeutic hypothermia. The patient made a rapid and full recovery.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Aged, Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Heart Arrest, Heart-Assist Devices, Humans, Hypothermia, Induced, Male, Treatment Outcome
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Heidlebaugh M; Kurz MC; Turkelson CL; Sawyer KN
  • Start Page

  • 168
  • End Page

  • 172
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 4