Treatment of tandem internal carotid artery aneurysms using a single pipeline embolization device: Evaluation of safety and efficacy

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tandem aneurysms are defined as multiple aneurysms located in close proximity on the same parent vessel. Endovascular treatment of these aneurysms has rarely been reported. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a single Pipeline Embolization Device for the treatment of tandem aneurysms of the internal carotid artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive aneurysms treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device between 2009 and 2016 at 3 institutions in the United States was performed. Cases included aneurysms of the ICA treated with a single Pipeline Embolization Device, and they were divided into tandem versus solitary. Angiographic and clinical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: The solitary group (median age, 58 years) underwent 184 Pipeline Embolization Device procedures for 184 aneurysms. The tandem group (median age, 50.5 years) underwent 34 procedures for 78 aneurysms. Aneurysms were primarily located along the paraophthalmic segment of the ICA in both the single and tandem groups (72.3% versus 78.2%, respectively, P=.53). The median maximal diameters in the solitary and tandem groups were 6.2 and 6.7 mm, respectively. Complete occlusion on the last angiographic follow-up was achieved in 75.1% of aneurysms in the single compared with 88.6%% in the tandem group (P = .06). Symptomatic thromboembolic complications were encountered in 2.7% and 8.8% of procedures in the single and tandem groups, respectively (P = .08). CONCLUSIONS: Tandem aneurysms of the ICA can be treated with a single Pipeline Embolization Device with high rates of complete occlusion. While there appeared to be a trend toward higher thromboembolic complication rates, this did not reach statistical significance.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Adeeb N; Moore JM; Griessenauer CJ; Foreman PM; Shallwani H; Dmytriw AA; Shakir H; Siddiqui AH; Levy EI; Davies JM
  • Start Page

  • 1605
  • End Page

  • 1609
  • Volume

  • 38
  • Issue

  • 8