Risk factors for severe vision loss immediately after transpupillary thermotherapy for occult subfoveal choroidal neovascularization.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for immediate severe vision loss in patients with age-related macular degeneration after transpupillary thermotherapy for occult subfoveal choroidal neovascularization. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 84 consecutive patients with age-related macular degeneration who received transpupillary thermotherapy for occult subfoveal choroidal neovascularization. Seven cases had severe vision loss and 77 were controls. All patients were treated with a diode infrared laser. Follow-up was completed on all patients 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment with transpupillary thermotherapy. RESULTS: Pretreatment visual acuity ranged from 20/40 to 1/200. Seven of 84 consecutive eyes had an immediate visual acuity loss of 6 or more Snellen lines after transpupillary thermotherapy. CONCLUSION: Transpupillary thermotherapy has a small but significant risk of immediate severe vision loss in patients with age-related macular degeneration with occult subfoveal choroidal neovascularization. Statistically significant risk factors include a subretinal hemorrhage 5 disc areas or greater in size, 9 disc areas or greater of subretinal fluid, and a laser power greater than 550 mW.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Keywords

  • Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Blindness, Choroidal Neovascularization, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Hyperthermia, Induced, Lasers, Semiconductor, Macular Degeneration, Male, Middle Aged, Pupil, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Visual Acuity
  • Author List

  • Mason JO; Colagross CC; Feist RM; White MF; Thomley ML; Vail RS; McGwin G
  • Start Page

  • 460
  • End Page

  • 465
  • Volume

  • 39
  • Issue

  • 6