Health-related quality of life and visual and cognitive impairment among nursing-home residents.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • AIM: To examine whether the relationship between vision impairment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in nursing-home residents is impacted by coexisting cognitive impairment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved a total of 382 English-speaking older adults (>55 years of age) with > or =13 on the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) from seventeen nursing homes in Birmingham, Alabama. Assessments were taken of visual acuity (Lighthouse Near Visual Acuity Test), cognition (MMSE) and health-related quality of life (Nursing Home Vision-Targeted Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire, VF-14, and the SF-36). RESULTS: A greater portion of participants had both vision and cognitive impairments (38.5%) as compared with those with neither impairment (21.5%), vision impairment alone (13.4%), and cognitive impairment alone (26.7%). Cognitive impairment did not modify the impact of vision impairment on HRQoL. The reduction in HRQoL associated with vision impairment was similar for those with and without cognitive impairment. CONCLUSION: The deleterious impact of vision impairment on HRQoL in nursing-home residents was not exacerbated by the co-occurrence of cognitive impairment. Ageing-related visual impairment in nursing-home residents is often reversible through treatment leading to improved HRQoL, and thus it is clinically important to know that cognitive impairment is unlikely to interfere with this benefit.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alabama, Cognition Disorders, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Homes for the Aged, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nursing Homes, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Psychometrics, Quality of Life, Vision Disorders
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Elliott AF; McGwin G; Owsley C
  • Start Page

  • 240
  • End Page

  • 243
  • Volume

  • 93
  • Issue

  • 2