Long-term therapy with benazepril in patients with congestive heart failure: effects on clinical status and exercise tolerance.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Benazepril hydrochloride (CGS 14824A) is an orally active, nonsulfhydryl compound that is transformed in vivo to a long-acting inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Previous studies have shown benazepril to lower blood pressure in hypertensive patients and to confer acute hemodynamic benefits in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In the current multicenter investigation, 16 patients with chronic CHF due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction less than 0.40 at rest) whose symptoms corresponded to New York Heart Association classes II to IV were given open-label benazepril once daily in ascending doses of 2 to 20 mg and followed biweekly for 12 weeks. Evaluation of the 15 subjects who completed the trial showed a progressive increase in treadmill exercise duration (from 7.65 +/- 3.64 [SD] minutes at baseline to 9.74 +/- 3.66 minutes at 12 weeks, P less than .001); augmentation of the mean left ventricular ejection fraction (from 0.266 +/- 0.133 at baseline to 0.292 +/- 0.136 at 12 weeks, P less than .025); relief of exertional dyspnea in 7 of the 15 patients (P less than .02); and improvement in global symptomatic status in 10 of the patients (P less than .01). These responses were accompanied by a reduction in serum ACE activity of 75% (from 27.2 +/- 10.5 IU/L at baseline to 6.7 +/- 1.9 IU/L at 12 weeks, P less than .001), which was independent of dose and duration of treatment. The magnitude of ACE inhibition did not correlate with changes in the efficacy variables. Aside from two instances of symptomatic hypotension (one of which was complicated by volume depletion), the drug was well tolerated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Aged, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, Antihypertensive Agents, Benzazepines, Blood Pressure, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Physical Endurance, Time Factors
  • Author List

  • Ribner HS; Sagar KB; Glasser SP; Hsieh AM; Dills CV; Larkin S; DeSilva J; Whalen JJ
  • Start Page

  • 1106
  • End Page

  • 1111
  • Volume

  • 30
  • Issue

  • 12