Hereditary hearing impairment (HI) displays extensive genetic heterogeneity. To date, 67 autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing impairment (ARNSHI) loci have been mapped, and 24 genes have been identified. This report describes three large consanguineous ARNSHI Pakistani families, all of which display linkage to marker loci located in the genetic interval of DFNB49 locus on chromosome 5q13. Recently, Riazuddin et al. (Am J Hum Genet 2006; 79:1040-1051) reported that variants within the TRIC gene, which encodes tricellulin, are responsible for HI due to DFNB49. TRIC gene sequencing in these three families led to the identification of a novel mutation (IVS4 + 1G > A) in one family and the discovery of a previously described mutation (IVS4 + 2T > C) in two families. It is estimated that 1.06% (95% confidence interval 0.02-3.06%) of families with ARNSHI in Pakistan manifest HI due to mutations in the TRIC gene. © 2007 The Japan Society of Human Genetics and Springer.