A "Transversal" Fundamental Theorem for semi-dispersing billiards

Academic Article


  • For billiards with a hyperbolic behavior, Fundamental Theorems ensure an abundance of geometrically nicely situated and sufficiently large stable and unstable invariant manifolds. A "Transversal" Fundamental Theorem has recently been suggested by the present authors to prove global ergodicity (and then, as an easy consequence, the K-property) of semidispersing billiards, in particular, the global ergodicity of systems of N≧3 elastic hard balls conjectured by the celebrated Boltzmann-Sinai ergodic hypothesis. (In fact, the suggested "Transversal" Fundamental Theorem has been successfully applied by the authors in the cases N=3 and 4.) The theorem generalizes the Fundamental Theorem of Chernov and Sinai that was really the fundamental tool to obtain local ergodicity of semi-dispersing billiards. Our theorem, however, is stronger even in their case, too, since its conditions are simpler and weaker. Moreover, a complete set of conditions is formulated under which the Fundamental Theorem and its consequences like the Zig-zag theorem are valid for general semi-dispersing billiards beyond the utmost interesting case of systems of elastic hard balls. As an application, we also give conditions for the ergodicity (and, consequently, the K-property) of dispersing-billiards. "Transversality" means the following: instead of the stable and unstable foliations occurring in the Chernov-Sinai formulation of the stable version of the Fundamental Theorem, we use the stable foliation and an arbitrary nice one transversal to the stable one. © 1990 Springer-Verlag.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 535
  • End Page

  • 560
  • Volume

  • 129
  • Issue

  • 3