In this experiment emission spectroscopy in the 3000-5000 Å range has been utilized to determine the electron temperature (15-60 eV) and ion density (2-5 x 1011 cm-3) of helium plasmas produced by the Michigan mirror machine(1) (MIMI). The plasma is generated and heated by whistler-mode electron-cyclotron resonance (ECR) waves at 7.43 GHz with 400-900 W power in 80-ms-long pulses. Gas fueling is provided at the midplane region by a leak valve with a range in pressure of 3 x 10 to 2 x 104 Torr. Emission line intensities are interpreted using a model of the important collisional and radiative processes occurring in the plasma. The model examines secondary processes such as radiation trapping, excitation transfer between levels of the carne principle quantum number, and excitation front metastable states for plasmas in the parameter range of MIMI (nc= 1-6 x 1011 cm-3). Front the analysis of line intensity ratios for neutral helium, the electron temperature is measured and its dependence upon the gas pressure and microwave power is determined. These temperatures agree with those obtained by Langmuir probe measurements. Art analysis of the line intensity ratio between singly ionized helium and neutral helium yields a measurement of the ion density which is in good agreement with electron density measurements made by a microwave interferometer. © 1991 Plenum Publishing Corporation.