Na+/Ca2+ exchanger: target for oxidative stress in salt-sensitive hypertension.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger regulates intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i), and attenuation of Na+/Ca2+ exchange by oxidative stress might lead to dysregulation of [Ca2+]i. We have shown that the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger differs functionally and at the amino acid level between salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats. Therefore, the purpose of these studies was to determine how oxidative stress affects the activities of the 2 Na+/Ca2+ exchangers that we cloned from mesangial cells of salt-resistant (RNCX) and salt-sensitive (SNCX) Dahl/Rapp rats. The effects of oxidative stress on exchanger activity were examined in cells expressing RNCX or SNCX by assessing 45Ca2+ uptake (reverse mode) and [Ca2+]i elevation (forward mode) in the presence and absence of H2O2 and peroxynitrite. Our results showed that 45Ca2+ uptake in SNCX cells was attenuated at 500 and 750 micromol/L H2O2 (63+/-12% and 25+/-7%, respectively; n=16) and at 50 and 100 micromol/L peroxynitrite (47+/-9% and 22+/-9%, respectively; n=16). In RNCX cells, 45Ca2+ uptake was attenuated at only 750 and 100 micromol/L H2O2 and peroxynitrite (61+/-9% and 63+/-6%, respectively; n=16). In addition, the elevation in [Ca2+]i was greater in SNCX cells than in RNCX cells in response to 750 micromol/L H2O2 (58+/-5.5 vs 17+/-4.1 nmol/L; n=13) and 100 micromol/L peroxynitrite (33+/-5 vs 11+/-6 nmol/L; n=19). The enhanced impairment of SNCX activity by oxidative stress might contribute to the dysregulation of [Ca2+]i that is found in this model of salt-sensitive hypertension.
  • Published In

  • Hypertension  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Animals, Calcium, Cell Line, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Fluoresceins, Glomerular Mesangium, Hydrogen Peroxide, Hypertension, Oxidative Stress, Peroxynitrous Acid, Rats, Rats, Inbred Dahl, Sodium Chloride, Dietary, Sodium-Calcium Exchanger, Spectrometry, Fluorescence
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Authorlist

  • Unlap MT; Bates E; Williams C; Komlosi P; Williams I; Kovacs G; Siroky B; Bell PD
  • Start Page

  • 363
  • End Page

  • 368
  • Volume

  • 42
  • Issue

  • 3