Correlation of health-related quality of life after liver transplant with the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a correlation exists between the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after liver transplant (LT). DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Adult LT recipients (N = 209). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postoperative HRQOL over a 1-year period after LT as measured via multiple regression-based path analysis testing the effects of the MELD score, preoperative variables, and postoperative variables on scores on the physical component summary and mental component summary scales of the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey and on composite physical and mental HRQOL scores derived from multiple scales. RESULTS: The MELD score (beta = .16), cholestatic cirrhosis (beta = .12), autoimmune/metabolic disease (beta = .18), neoplasm (beta = .23), time after LT (beta = .16), and the Karnofsky score (beta = .49) had significant effects on the physical component summary scale score. Autoimmune/metabolic disease (beta = .16) and the Karnofsky score (beta = .25) had significant effects on the mental component summary scale score. The MELD score (beta = .15), high school education (beta = .15), college education (beta = .17), autoimmune/metabolic disease (beta = .15), neoplasm (beta = .23), time after LT (beta = .11), and the Karnofsky score (beta = .51) had significant effects on the composite physical HRQOL score. Autoimmune/metabolic disease (beta = .23), neoplasm (beta = .15), and the Karnofsky score (beta = .42) had significant effects on the composite mental HRQOL score. CONCLUSIONS: An increasing MELD score, when computed without any diagnosis-based exception points, was associated with improved physical HRQOL in the first year after LT. The MELD score did not affect mental HRQOL.
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    Published In

    Keywords

  • Female, Health Status Indicators, Humans, Liver Transplantation, Male, Middle Aged, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Prospective Studies, Quality of Life
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 17920590
  • Author List

  • Castaldo ET; Feurer ID; Russell RT; Pinson CW
  • Start Page

  • 167
  • End Page

  • 172
  • Volume

  • 144
  • Issue

  • 2