The role of ultrasonography in parathyroid surgery.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of high-resolution ultrasonography in the preoperative evaluation of patients with hyperparathyroidism. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Three hundred seventeen patients with hyperparathyroidism who underwent preoperative assessment with ultrasonography and/or sestamibi scan and surgical treatment between October 2003 and October 2006. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Descriptive statistics of localization imaging studies and detection of concomitant thyroid disease in patients presenting with hyperparathyroidism. RESULTS: Ultrasonography correctly localized the parathyroid adenoma(s) in 148 (69.4%) of the 229 patients with these lesions. Sestamibi scans correctly localized the parathyroid adenoma(s) in 133 (58.1%) of the 229 patients. The agreement between the 2 imaging procedures was moderate (kappa = 0.23; 95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.36). Of 317 patients with hyperparathyroidism, 96 (30.3%) had clinically significant concomitant thyroid disease requiring partial or total thyroidectomy. Histopathologic examination revealed benign thyroid disease in 80 (83.0%) of the 96 patients and thyroid carcinoma in 16 (16.6%). CONCLUSION: Ultrasonography is a useful tool in the preoperative evaluation of patients with hyperparathyroidism both for localization of parathyroid adenomas and for the diagnosis of concomitant thyroid disease.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Parathyroid Diseases, Parathyroidectomy, Preoperative Care, Retrospective Studies, Sensitivity and Specificity, Treatment Outcome, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Authorlist

  • Boudreaux BA; Magnuson JS; Asher SA; Desmond R; Peters GE
  • Start Page

  • 1240
  • End Page

  • 1244
  • Volume

  • 133
  • Issue

  • 12