Twenty athletes with distal malalignment who sustained unilateral traumatic patellar dislocation remained impaired by chronic instability. Surgery was performed at a mean age of 18 years. Posttraumatic attenuation of the medial patellofemoral ligament was repaired near the margin of the patella in 10 knees and avulsion or attenuation posterior to the vastus medialis obliquus in 10 knees. Advancement of the medial patellomeniscal ligament at the margin of the patella and normalization of the Q angle to 10°by tibial tubercle osteotomy were performed in each knee. Distal lateral retinacular release without release of the normal vastus lateralis tendon was performed. Results were judged according to Turba et al, and activity levels were evaluated per guidelines of the international Knee Documentation Committee. Eighteen (90%) patients achieved good or excellent results and were unimpaired at a minimum of 24 months. Two patients achieved fair subjective results with some impairment in vigorous activity. There was no recurrent instability. Radiographically, the mean preoperative patellofemoral congruence angle improved from 20°to 0°. Athletes who sustain an initial traumatic patellar dislocation after physeal closure and in whom conservative management fails can be treated successfully by repair of the medial patellofemoral ligament at the site of disruption and advancement of the medial patellomeniscal ligament combined with correction of an elevated Q angle.