INTRODUCTION: Uterine ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rodents is a common model for the study of fetal growth restriction (FGR). It has been observed that different strains of mice vary in their response to uterine I/R. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to characterize fetal and placental growth, and uterine and placental inflammation, in pregnant mice from 2 strains (C3H/HeOuJ and C57BL/6J), in response to different uterine I/R modalities. METHODS: Timed-pregnant mice (6-8 in each experimental group) were subjected to unilateral uterine I/R by either total flow restriction (TFR,right ovarian and uterine arterial clamping,5 or 30min) or partial flow restriction (PFR,right ovarian artery clamping,30min), or to sham-operation, on the 14th (for C57 mice) or 15th (for C3H mice) day of gestation. Four days later, fetal and placental weights and fetal loss were evaluated, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity was assayed in uterine and placental tissues. Data were analyzed by ANOVA with p<0.05 considered significant. RESULTS: In C3H/HeOuJ mice, TFR/30 min induced significantly (p<0.05) lower fetal and placental weights, and higher MPO activity in both uterus and placenta, compared to sham-operated controls. PFR/30min produced fetal but not placental growth restriction in the C3H mice. In contrast, C57BL/6J mice exhibited much greater sensitivity to uterine I/R: TFR/5 min was adequate to induce FGR in the C57 mice, which was equivalent in proportion to FGR caused by TFR/30min in C3H. C57 mice also exhibited significantly greater fetal loss and higher uterine, but not placental, MPO activity in response to I/R compared to sham-operated controls. CONCLUSION: Reliable FGR can be induced in different strains of mice by uterine I/R through adjustment of intensity, duration, and gestation day of the challenge. Mice of different strains have different tolerance to uterine I/R. These strain disparities would lend themselves to identifying the role of mouse strain-specific genetic determinants which form the bases for the observed differences in sensitivity to I/R-induced FGR.