Diaphragm, genioglossus, and triangularis sterni responses to poikilocapnic hypoxia.

Academic Article


  • Both isocapnic and poikilocapnic hypoxia may elicit a biphasic respiratory response, during which an initial ventilatory stimulation is followed by a reduction in breathing and diaphragm (DIA) electrical activity. To ascertain whether during adulthood other respiratory muscles have biphasic hypoxic responses similar to the DIA, in nine anesthetized cats electromyograms (EMG) were recorded from the DIA, genioglossus (GG), and triangularis sterni (TS) (n = 7) muscles during poikilocapnic hypoxia. DIA and GG EMG started at 60 +/- 4 and 9 +/- 3 units, respectively, during O2 breathing, increased to a maximum of 100 units during the 10-min hypoxic stimulus, and subsequently declined to 81 +/- 6 and 58 +/- 12 units, respectively, by the end of 10 min of hypoxia. The time course of the increase and subsequent decline was similar for the DIA and GG and for GG activity during both inspiration and expiration. Furthermore the degree to which GG EMG declined after reaching its peak activity level correlated with the magnitude of the respective decline in DIA EMG (r = 0.79, P less than 0.02). The TS, in contrast, was maximally active either during O2 breathing or very early during hypoxia, and its activity declined progressively thereafter (to 13 +/- 6% of its peak value at the end of 10 min of hypoxia). The degree to which TS EMG declined did not correlate with the degree to which DIA or GG EMG declined.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors


  • Animals, Cats, Diaphragm, Electromyography, Female, Hypoxia, Male, Respiratory Muscles
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • van Lunteren E; Martin RJ; Haxhiu MA; Carlo WA
  • Start Page

  • 2303
  • End Page

  • 2310
  • Volume

  • 67
  • Issue

  • 6