Alae nasi activation in preterm infants during oral feeding.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Preterm infants may demonstrate impaired ventilation during oral feeding with resultant hypoxemia and hypercarbia. This study was designed to determine whether infants activate a representative upper airway muscle, the ala nasi, in response to these ventilatory changes. Ten preterm infants (postconceptional age at study 35 +/- 4 wk, weight 2.2 +/- 0.1 kg) were studied during a control period, continuous feeding, subsequent intermittent feeding, and a period of nonnutritive sucking. Nasal airflow was measured with a pneumotachometer to quantify minute ventilation. The alae nasi electromyogram (EMGAN) was recorded with surface electrodes, and sucking pressure was detected by a catheter in the feeding nipple. End-tidal CO2 and O2 saturation were also recorded during each period. The percentage of breaths associated with EMGAN activity increased from 41 +/- 13% during the control period to 95 +/- 5% and 93 +/- 7% during continuous and intermittent sucking, respectively (p < 0.05). Eighty-seven +/- 5% of EMGAN activity occurred during inspiration. During continuous and intermittent sucking, the amplitude of EMGAN activity also increased (6.8 +/- 5.2 and 6.7 +/- 4.0 arbitrary units/breath, respectively) compared with the control period (2.4 +/- 2.8 units/breath, p < 0.05). In association with the increase in EMGAN activity, O2 saturation fell from 98 +/- 1% in the control period to 95 +/- 1% during both continuous and intermittent feeding (p < 0.05), and minute ventilation fell from 274 +/- 80 mL/min/kg during the control period to 190 +/- 81 and 208 +/- 57 mL/min/kg during continuous and intermittent feeding, respectively (p < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Pediatric Research  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Carbon Dioxide, Deglutition, Eating, Electromyography, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Nasal Cavity, Respiratory Mechanics, Respiratory Muscles, Sucking Behavior
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Timms BJ; DiFiore JM; Martin RJ; Carlo WA; Miller MJ
  • Start Page

  • 679
  • End Page

  • 682
  • Volume

  • 32
  • Issue

  • 6