AAV2 production with optimized N/P ratio and PEI-mediated transfection results in low toxicity and high titer for in vitro and in vivo applications

Academic Article


  • The adeno-associated virus (AAV) is one of the most useful viral vectors for gene delivery for both in vivo and in vitro applications. A variety of methods have been established to produce and characterize recombinant AAV (rAAV) vectors; however most methods are quite cumbersome and obtaining consistently high titer can be problematic. This protocol describes a triple-plasmid co-transfection approach with 25kDa linear polyethylenimine (PEI) in 293T cells for the production of AAV serotype 2. Seventy-two hours post-transfection, supernatant and cells were harvested and purified by a discontinuous iodixanol density gradient ultracentrifugation, then dialyzed and concentrated with an Amicon 15 100,000 MWCO concentration unit. To optimize the protocol for AAV2 production using PEI, various N/P ratios and DNA amounts were compared. We found that an N/P ratio of 40 coupled with 1.05μg DNA per ml of media (21μg DNA/15cm dish) was found to produce the highest yields for viral replication and assembly measured multiple ways. The infectious units, as determined by serial dilution, were between 1×108 and 2×109IU/ml. The genomic titer of the viral stock was determined by qPCR and ranged from 2×1012 to 6×1013VG/ml. These viral vectors showed high expression both in vivo within the brain and in vitro in cell culture. The use of linear 25kDa polyethylenamine PEI as a transfection reagent is a simple, more cost-effective, and stable means of high-throughput production of high-titer AAV serotype 2. The use of PEI also eliminates the need to change cell medium post-transfection, lowering cost and workload, while producing high-titer, efficacious AAV2 vectors for routine gene transfer. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 9682223
  • Author List

  • Huang X; Hartley AV; Yin Y; Herskowitz JH; Lah JJ; Ressler KJ
  • Start Page

  • 270
  • End Page

  • 277
  • Volume

  • 193
  • Issue

  • 2