Initial bladder management in spinal cord injury: does it make a difference?

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We classified 204 patients with acute spinal cord injury into 1 of 5 groups according to the initial form of urological management. Group A patients were placed on an intermittent catheterization program within 36 hours of injury, group B received a suprapubic trocar within 36 hours of injury, group C had urethral catheters in place for more than 36 hours before intermittent catheterization was begun, group D was on indwelling urethral catheter drainage throughout the hospitalization and discharged from the hospital with indwelling catheters, and group E was placed on intermittent catheterization in a community hospital. There were no statistically significant differences among the groups in the incidence of chills and fever, rate of urinary infections (excluding group D), incidence of upper tract changes, genitourinary complications or frequency of urological procedures at 1 year after injury. We conclude that the method of initial bladder management is relatively unimportant in determining the urological prognosis after spinal cord injury.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Keywords

  • Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Spinal Cord Injuries, Urinary Bladder Diseases, Urinary Catheterization, Urinary Tract Infections, Urologic Diseases
  • Author List

  • Lloyd LK; Kuhlemeier KV; Fine PR; Stover SL
  • Start Page

  • 523
  • End Page

  • 527
  • Volume

  • 135
  • Issue

  • 3