Natural history, clinicoradiologic correlates, and response to triclabendazole in acute massive fascioliasis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Fascioliasis is highly endemic in the Andean region of South America. Newer serological assays have improved our ability to diagnose acute fascioliasis. The diagnosis was established by Fasciola hepatica serology (Fas2-ELISA or Western blot) in 10 patients. Identifiable exposure included ingestion of watercress (N = 8), alfalfa juice (N = 5), and lettuce (N = 1). Computed tomography of the abdomen showed hepatomegaly (N = 9), track-like hypodense lesions with subcapsular location (N = 8), and subcapsular hematoma (N = 2). Radiologic sequelae included cyst calcifications detectable at least 3 years after treatment. Stool examinations were negative for F. hepatica eggs; serology was positive (Arc II [N = 2], Fas2-ELISA [N = 6], Western blot [N = 2]). The syndrome of eosinophilia, fever, and right upper quadrant pain, elevated transaminases without jaundice, hypodense liver lesions on CT, and an appropriate exposure history suggests acute fascioliasis. Fascioliasis is specifically treatable with a single dose of triclabendazole. Copyright © 2008 by the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
  • Authors

    Author List

  • Marcos LA; Tagle M; Terashima A; Bussalleu A; Ramirez C; Carrasco C; Valdez L; Huerta-Mercado J; Freedman DO; Vinetz JM
  • Start Page

  • 222
  • End Page

  • 227
  • Volume

  • 78
  • Issue

  • 2