Life Space Assessment in Older Women Undergoing Non-Surgical Treatment for Urinary Incontinence.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVES: Urinary incontinence (UI) impacts all aspects of life activities. This study aims to characterize change in mobility within the community utilizing the Life Space Assessment (LSA) questionnaire in women undergoing non-surgical UI treatment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, performed from July 2007 to March 2009, which followed women seeking non-surgical UI treatment and assessed their mobility and symptoms using LSA, Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6), and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) at baseline and 2, 6, and 12 months post-treatment. Estimated Percent Improvement (EPI) and Patient Satisfaction Question (PSQ) were obtained post-treatment. SETTING: Outpatient tertiary-care clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 70 ambulatory, community-dwelling women, aged 65 years or older, seeking non-surgical care for UI. INTERVENTION: Multi-component behavioral and/or pharmacologic therapies. MEASUREMENTS: We hypothesized LSA would improve with treatment. Repeated measures analysis with Tukey's HSD and backwards selection linear regression model were performed. RESULTS: LSA score decreased from baseline to 2 months (mean±SD; 63±29 to 56±28, p<0.001) and was sustained at 6 and 12 months (54±28, 54±28). UDI scores improved from 36±23 to 25±24, p<0.001, at 2 months, and improvement persisted at 6 and 12 months (22±22, 21±24). Improvements in UDI and patient perceived improvement in UI were not associated with LSA change. Age, race, and depression impacted LSA, which decreased 1-point for each additional year of age (p=0.004), 6-points for each point higher on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) (p=0.002), and 6-points for African American race (p=0.048). CONCLUSION: Decreased mobility represented by LSA was related to age, depression, and race, but not UI symptom improvement.
  • Keywords

  • community-dwelling women, depression, life-space, mobility, urinary incontinence
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wheeler TL; Illston JD; Markland AD; Goode PS; Richter HE
  • Start Page

  • 809
  • End Page

  • 816
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 14