There is a paucity of information in the literature regarding the mendosal suture. Furthermore, reports of the closure of this presumed suture of childhood are variable. This study seeks to establish the presence or absence of this structure in the adult. Fifty adult skulls were evaluated for the presence or absence of the mendosal suture. Sixteen percent of specimens were found to have a mendosal suture. Six specimens were found to have these sutures bilaterally, and two had sutures on the right side only. Most sutures were linear in nature. The mendosal suture approximated the superior nuchal line in all specimens and more or less traveled medial and perpendicular to the lambdoidal suture. The length of these sutures ranged from 0.8 to 1.4 cm (1.1 cm). Our hopes are that these data will prove useful to both the anatomist and clinicians, so that, when present, misinterpretation of the mendosal suture will be avoided. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.