Kleeblattschädel skull: a review of its history, diagnosis, associations, and treatment.

Academic Article


  • INTRODUCTION: Kleeblattschädel (cloverleaf) skull is a very uncommon form of pansynostosis. Some cases are associated with syndromes, but often, this skull deformity is seen in isolation. To date, a comprehensive review of this topic is not available in the medical literature. CONCLUSIONS: Herein, we review the history, associations, diagnosis, treatment, and complications of Kleeblattschädel skull.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Craniosynostoses, History, 19th Century, History, 20th Century, Humans
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tubbs RS; Sharma A; Griessenauer C; Loukas M; Shoja MM; Watanabe K; Oakes WJ
  • Start Page

  • 745
  • End Page

  • 748
  • Volume

  • 29
  • Issue

  • 5