Infrapopliteal balloon angioplasty was performed in 11 patients facing reconstructive surgery for limb salvage. Twelve separate sessions of angioplasty were performed, during which 15 of 16 diseased tibial runoff vessels were successfully dilated. Three complications occurred during percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). One was related to the concomitant use of a thrombolytic agent to open a femoropopliteal bypass graft and not related to the angioplasty itself. No limbs were lost as a result of complications. The procedure was a technical success in nine of 12 cases (75%) and an initial clinical success in eight of the nine that were technically successful (89%). Follow-up ranged from 1 to 22 months. Six of the nine cases (67%) remained clinically successful during this period. Preliminary results suggest that infrapopliteal PTA is a safe and effective alternative to surgical reconstruction in selected patients.