Kinematic constraints associated with the acquisition of overarm throwing part II: Upper extremity actions

Academic Article


  • The purposes of this study were to: (a) examine the differences within 11 specific kinematic variables and an outcome measure (ball velocity) associated with component developmental levels of humerus and forearm action (Roberton and Halverson, 1984), and (b) if the differences in kinematic variables were significantly associated with the differences in component levels, determine potential kinematic constraints associated with skilled throwing acquisition. Significant differences among component levels in five of six humerus kinematic variables (p < .01) and all five forearm kinematic variables (p < .01) were identified using multivariate analysis of variance. These kinematic variables represent potential control parameters and, therefore, constraints on overarm throwing acquisition. © 2006 by the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stodden DF; Langendorfer SJ; Fleisig GS; Andrews JR
  • Start Page

  • 428
  • End Page

  • 436
  • Volume

  • 77
  • Issue

  • 4