Microscopic theory of equilibrium polariton condensates

Academic Article


  • We present a microscopic theory of the equilibrium polariton condensate state of a semiconductor quantum well in a planar optical cavity. The theory accounts for the adjustment of matter excitations to the presence of a coherent photon field, predicts effective polariton-polariton interaction strengths that are weaker and condensate exciton fractions that are smaller than in the commonly employed exciton-photon model, and yields effective Rabi coupling strengths that depend on the detuning of the cavity-photon energy relative to the bare exciton energy. The dressed quasiparticle bands that appear naturally in the theory provide a mechanism for electrical manipulation of polariton condensates.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Physical Review B  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 16730585
  • Author List

  • Xue F; Wu F; Xie M; Su JJ; MacDonald AH
  • Issue

  • 23