Examination of laryngoesophageal dysfunction-free survival as an endpoint in nonsurgical treatment of squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx and hypopharynx.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: A recently published consensus guideline suggested a new endpoint for clinical trials involving cancer of the larynx and hypopharynx: laryngoesophageal dysfunction-free survival (LEDFS). The authors of this report examined LEDFS in the context of definitive radiotherapy alone (RT) or with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: Patients with a stage III to IVB squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx or hypopharynx who received definitive radiotherapy were included. Consensus guidelines also suggested analysis of the following: tumor classification, lymph node status, pretreatment tracheotomy, pretreatment swallowing dysfunction, and subsite. LEDFS was assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival analyses. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients (73.9%) received CRT, and 30 patients (26.1%) received RT. For the entire cohort, the 3-year LEDFS rate was 28.9%. CRT was associated with an improved LEDFS at 3 years (32.2% vs 20%; P = .02). Pretreatment dysphagia (P = .06) and N2 or N3 lymph node status (P = .09) demonstrated a trend toward poorer LEDFS, but patients who had T4 tumors had an LEDFS similar to that of patients who had T2 and T3 tumors. CONCLUSIONS: LEDFS was superior in patients who received CRT compared with patients who received RT alone. T4 status was not associated with a worse LEDFS.
  • Published In

  • Cancer  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Brachytherapy, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Combined Modality Therapy, Esophageal Neoplasms, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms, Laryngeal Neoplasms, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Survival Rate
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Caudell JJ; Carroll WR; Spencer SA; Bonner JA
  • Start Page

  • 4447
  • End Page

  • 4451
  • Volume

  • 117
  • Issue

  • 19