Influence of converting enzyme inhibition on renal hemodynamics and glomerular dynamics in sodium-restricted dogs.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Clearance and micropuncture experiments were performed to evaluate the influence of converting enzyme inhibition (CEI) (SQ 14,225) on renal hemodynamics, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), segmental vascular resistances, and superficial nephron function in anesthetized sodium restricted dogs. In one series (n = 8), renal blood flow (RBF) and GFR exhibited a high degree of autoregulatory efficiency when renal arterial pressure (RAP) was reduced from 126 +/- 5 to 86 +/- 1 mm Hg. With RAP maintained at the reduced level, CEI elicited increases in RBF (3.9 +/- 0.3 to 5.8 +/- 0.5 ml/min per g kw) and GFR (0.81 +/- 0.03 to 0.94 +/- 0.04 ml/min per g kw). With return of RAP to spontaneous levels during continued CEI, RBF and GFR autoregulatory efficiency was maintained, and was similar to that observed in control dogs subjected to the same procedures (n = 5). In the micropuncture experiments (n = 12), RAP was maintained at the reduced level (87.5 +/- .9 mm Hg), and measurements were made before and during CEI. Proximal tubule pressure, peritubular capillary pressure, stop flow pressure, and single nephron GFR (SNGFR) increased significantly. Regression analysis suggested that the increases in SNGFR were associated with small increases in the filtration coefficient. CEI reduced preglomerular resistance by 29% to 35% and efferent arteriolar resistance by 24% to 32%. These results indicate that the increased activity of the renin-angiotensin system that occurs during salt restriction exerts approximately equivalent vasoconstrictor influences on both preglomerular and postglomerular vascular resistance elements.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Hypertension  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Animals, Blood Pressure, Diet, Sodium-Restricted, Dogs, Female, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Hemodynamics, Hydrostatic Pressure, Kidney, Kidney Glomerulus, Male, Oligopeptides, Potassium, Renal Circulation, Renin, Sodium, Teprotide, Vascular Resistance, Vasodilation
  • Pubmed Id

  • 22466596
  • Author List

  • Navar LG; Jirakulsomchok D; Bell PD; Thomas CE; Huang WC
  • Start Page

  • 58
  • End Page

  • 68
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 1