Direct measurement of basolateral membrane potentials from cells of the macula densa.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • At the present time, little is known concerning the electrophysiology of the cells of the macula densa and whether or not these cells are electrically responsive to alterations in luminal fluid composition. To investigate this issue, cortical thick ascending limbs (CTAL) containing macula densa and attached glomeruli were dissected from rabbit kidney and the CTAL perfused in vitro. Basolateral membrane potential (Vbl) was measured with microelectrodes in macula densa cells and, for comparison, in cells of the CTAL. Macula densa Vbl averaged -56.5 +/- 7.6 mV (n = 4) at a (n = 22) at 20 mM NaCl, -35.6 +/- 3.9 mV (n = 16) at 45 mM NaCl, and -25.5 +/- 2.6 mV (n = 32) at 150 mm NaCl. Thus macula densa Vbl depolarized markedly (31 mV) when luminal perfusate [NaCl] was increased from low to high values. In contrast, Vbl measured in CTAL cells averaged -62 +/- 6.1 mV (n = 6) in 45 mM NaCl and did not change significantly as perfusate NaCl was increased to 150 mM. In the presence of 150 mM NaCl, luminal application of furosemide (50 microM) produced a small (3.5 +/- 1.1 mV, n = 16) but statistically significant (P less than 0.02) hyperpolarization in macula densa cells, whereas CTAL cell Vbl hyperpolarized markedly (20 +/- 5.7 mV, n = 6) with addition of furosemide. Finally, neither macula densa cells nor the CTAL cells changed Vbl when 45 mM NaCl solution was made hypotonic by removing mannitol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors

    Published In

    Keywords

  • Animals, Female, Furosemide, Kidney Tubules, Loop of Henle, Membrane Potentials, Microelectrodes, Osmolar Concentration, Rabbits, Sodium Chloride
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 22692071
  • Authorlist

  • Bell PD; Lapointe JY; Cardinal J
  • Start Page

  • F463
  • End Page

  • F468
  • Volume

  • 257
  • Issue

  • 3 Pt 2