During the routine dissection of a 62-year-old male cadaver, bilateral atrophy of the supra and infraspinatus muscles was observed. The suprascapular nerves, cervical spinal cord and surrounding muscles were found to be normal. We propose that, in the face of normal histology and other normal shoulder girdle muscles and normal nerves, this case represents an instance of Parsonage-Turner syndrome. To our knowledge, this is the first report of bilateral spinati atrophy in a cadaver. Copyright © 2005 Via Medica.