The intriguing history of the human calvaria: sinister and religious.

Academic Article


  • INTRODUCTION: A review of the ancient world finds multiple documentations describing the use of the human calvaria as a drinking implement. TERMINOLOGY: This term, which is frequently and incorrectly called the "calvarium," has a unique history among multiple cultures of the world. For example, the purported site of Jesus' crucifixion "Calvary" is derived from this term calvaria. The present report explores the derivation, misuse, and history of the human calvaria.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • History, 16th Century, History, 18th Century, History, 19th Century, History, Ancient, History, Medieval, Humans, Religion, Religion and Medicine, Skull
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tubbs RS; Loukas M; Shoja MM; Apaydin N; Salter EG; Oakes WJ
  • Start Page

  • 417
  • End Page

  • 422
  • Volume

  • 24
  • Issue

  • 4