Artificial deformation of the human skull: a review.

Academic Article


  • Early examples of intentional human cranial deformation predate written history. Intentional cranial deformation as an extreme has seemingly not persisted into this century. However, mild forms of this manipulation are still practiced by various groups worldwide. Accidental cranial deformation or mild forms of intentional cranial deformation may be encountered by the clinician or anatomist. We review the literature regarding intentional manipulation of the human cranium.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Clinical Anatomy  Journal
  • Keywords

  • History, 19th Century, History, 20th Century, History, 21st Century, History, Ancient, History, Medieval, Humans, Self Mutilation, Skull, Synostosis
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 24776912
  • Author List

  • Tubbs RS; Salter EG; Oakes WJ
  • Start Page

  • 372
  • End Page

  • 377
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 4