Anomalies of the cervical spine are intriguing anatomically and often come to clinical attention. Fusion of one or more cervical vertebral segments, the Klippel-Feil anomaly (KFA), often causes increased motion at the vertebral segments superior to and inferior to the fused level with a resultant premature wear of these joints. We report an adult male skeleton with fusion of his C6 and C7 vertebral bodies (Fype II KFA). A remnant of the intervertebral disc space was noted and bilateral rudimentary cervical ribs were observed emanating from the C7 vertebrae. Excessive joint degeneration was noted between the vertebral bodies of C5 and C6. Following our review of the literature and case report, it appears that there is an increased incidence of the presence of cervical ribs in KFA. We review the literature for coexistent KFA and cervical ribs and discuss their dysembryology. Copyright © 2006 Via Medica.