Monoclonal antibody 6b6.6 defines a cross‐reactive kappa light chain idiotope on human monoclonal and polyclonal rheumatoid factors

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Mouse monoclonal antibody (MAb) 6B6.6 was raised against a cross‐reactive idiotope (CRI) present on the light chains of 2 human IgM paraproteins with rheumatoid factor (RF) activity. The MAb inhibited the IgG‐binding activity of these proteins, and thus appears to react with an epitope located at or near the RF‐binding site. Enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western immunoblotting studies indicate that the 6B6.6 CRI is associated with kIIIa sub‐subgroup light chains, is not related to the Wa, Po, and Bla RF cross‐idiotypic specificities, and is clearly distinct from the kIIIb‐associated CRI detected by MAb 17.109. Using an ELISA, we detected 6B6.6 CRI in 59% of 107 sera and 48% of 50 synovial fluids from patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the quantities of CRI‐positive RF were small, and the amount of CRI‐positive RF did not correlate with the amount of IgM‐RF. The 6B6.6 CRI was shown to occur primarily in the IgM fraction of RA sera by both chromatographic studies and isotype‐specific ELISA, although small quantities appeared to be associated with IgA and IgG in some sera. The presence of 6B6.6 CRI on both monoclonal and polyclonal RF is consistent with the view that both are derived, at least in part, from a common gene pool. However, its occurrence in relatively low levels suggests that the number of germline genes encoding for RF is large or that extensive mutation occurs in the course of RF expression in RA. Copyright © 1990 American College of Rheumatology
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schrohenloher RE; Accavitti MA; Bhown AS; Koopman WJ
  • Start Page

  • 187
  • End Page

  • 198
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • 2