A curriculum in clinical pathology (CP) was developed under the auspices of the Academy of Clinical Laboratory Physicians and Scientists (ACLPS) in 2006. At the 2008 ACLPS meeting in Philadelphia, PA, a panel was convened to address the current challenges in resident education and how to overcome them. Current challenges include the heterogeneity of the discipline (which requires analytical, medical, and managerial knowledge), the diverse repertoire of clinical laboratory testing, and the need to better integrate the resident into the work flow of the laboratory, especially with respect to clinical consultation. Recommendations of the panel include the incorporation of active learning, clinical consultation, and competency assessment into CP resident training. A summary of the panel discussion is presented herein. © American Society for Clinical Pathology.