Eradication of urinary tract infection following spinal cord injury.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • A prospective study to evaluate the microbiological efficacy of antimicrobial treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI) was performed in 64 catheter-free spinal cord injured (SCI) patients who were visited monthly by a public health nurse who collected urine for culture and urinalysis. Patients also mailed urine dip slides for weekly bacterial counts. UTI was defined as a culture yielding > or = 100,000 colonies/ml. Treatment was given to asymptomatic patients only if pyuria (> or = 10 urinary leukocytes/high powered microscopic field) was present. Initial treatment was for 7-14 days (group 1). When it became apparent during the study that eradication was difficult and relapse or reinfection frequently occurred within a short time after cessation of antibiotic, a second treatment course of > or = 28 days (group 2) was given. By the end of the study, in which all patients were followed for a minimum of 30 days post treatment, 39/42 (93%) cases in group 1 and 11/13 (85%) in group 2 who had initial eradication, had relapsed or become reinfected. The median number of days and standard error for group 1 to relapse or become reinfected was 16 +/- 2.5, and for group 2 it was 27 +/- 6. Development of drug resistance was documented when bacteria isolated prior to any treatment were compared with strains isolated after > or = 28 days of antibiotics. In this study, urine sterility was achieved in a minority of treated UTIs and was relatively short lived.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Paraplegia  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents, Bacterial Infections, Colony Count, Microbial, Drug Resistance, Microbial, Female, Humans, Male, Prospective Studies, Recurrence, Spinal Cord Injuries, Urinary Tract Infections, Urine
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Waites KB; Canupp KC; DeVivo MJ
  • Start Page

  • 645
  • End Page

  • 652
  • Volume

  • 31
  • Issue

  • 10