Defibrillation electrode configurations developed from cardiac mapping that combine biphasic shocks with sequential timing

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Previous canine mapping studies of the transvenous defibrillation lead configuration of right ventricle (RV) to left R2 patch (P) revealed regions of low potential gradient in the left ventricular apex (A) and the right ventricular outflow tract (O). Thus 16 new lead configurations were tested in eight dogs, which incorporated electrodes in A and O to raise the gradient. When used in conjunction with two sequential biphasic shocks, the average defibrillation threshold energy from these configurations was 57% lower than that produced by a single biphasic shock delivered through RV→P (phase 1 cathode→anode, p<0.001). Of the 16 configurations tested, the most effective was RV→P followed by A→O. When the shocking order of this configuration was reversed in another eight dogs, no difference in defibrillation efficacy was noted. In individual configurations of RV→P and A→O that used a single biphasic shock, defibrillation was not effective. Finally, when two sequential biphasic shocks were delivered to the same two electrodes in seven other dogs, the defibrillation efficacy was low. Thus configurations that use two sequential biphasic shocks can produce low defibrillation thresholds when the shocks are delivered to two different sets of electrodes. The high efficacy may be caused by one shock increasing the potential gradient in regions of low potential gradient that are produced by the other shock. © 1992.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Guse PA; Walcott GP; Rollins DL; Smith WM; Ideker RE
  • Start Page

  • 1491
  • End Page

  • 1500
  • Volume

  • 124
  • Issue

  • 6