A comparative immunocytochemical study on the subcellular distributions of 44 kDa bone phosphoprotein and bone γ‐carboxyglutamic acid (Gla)‐containing protein in osteoblasts

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Bone γ‐carboxyglutamic acid (Gla)‐containing protein (BGP or osteocalcin) and 44 kDa bone phosphoprotein (44K BPP, also called Sialoprotein I or osteopontin) have been localized at the ultrastructural level in osteoblasts from woven bones of newborn rats. Frozen, undecalcified sections of periodate‐lysine‐paraformal‐dehyde fixed specimens were incubated with affinity purified, monospecific antibodies against BGP or 44K BPP. The sites of the antigen‐antibody reaction were demonstrated by the avidin‐biotin‐peroxidase complex method using the Hanker‐Yates reagent as a peroxidase substrate. In some cases immunostaining could only be achieved after detergent treatment. The immunostained sections were then flat‐embedded in Epon 812 and processed for electron microscopy. Strong specific intracellular labeling was obtained with both antibodies, but the patterns of staining differed significantly: BGP antigenicity was mainly located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), whereas 44K BPP behaved as a Golgi‐specific antigen. In both cases, however, we found no evidence for immunostained secretory vesicles. There was no correlation between the expression of BGP by osteoblasts and the morphological aspect of these cells, their apparent degree of polarization with respect to the bone matrix, or their relation with the mineralized phase. Copyright © 1987 ASBMR
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    Author List

  • Mark MP; Prince CW; Gay S; Austin RL; Bhown M; Finkelman RD; Butler WT
  • Start Page

  • 337
  • End Page

  • 346
  • Volume

  • 2
  • Issue

  • 4