A review of carisoprodol deaths in Jefferson County, Alabama.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Carisoprodol is a skeletal muscle relaxant with the potential for abuse. A carisoprodol overdose is rarely considered fatal. Nevertheless, we encountered carisoprodol in several cases, prompting review of our experience. METHODS: We did a retrospective study of cases examined at the Jefferson County Coroner/Medical Examiner Office from January 1, 1986, to October 31, 1997, reviewing investigative reports and autopsy findings. RESULTS: Carisoprodol was present in 24 cases. Seventeen decedents died of acute drug intoxication. Carisoprodol was never the sole drug detected at autopsy, nor was it ever the sole cause of death. Propoxyphene was a co-intoxicant in 8 of the 24 cases. CONCLUSIONS: Carisoprodol causes respiratory depression. Since the mechanism of death was respiratory depression in 82% of the decedents who died of acute intoxication, we consider that carisoprodol was probably responsible, in part, for those deaths. The simultaneous use of propoxyphene and carisoprodol seems to be especially dangerous.
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    Published In

    Keywords

  • Acute Disease, Adult, Alabama, Carisoprodol, Cause of Death, Coroners and Medical Examiners, Dextropropoxyphene, Drug Overdose, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle Relaxants, Central, Poisoning, Retrospective Studies
  • Author List

  • Davis GG; Alexander CB
  • Start Page

  • 726
  • End Page

  • 730
  • Volume

  • 91
  • Issue

  • 8