MTrasT24, a metallothionein-ras fusion gene, modulates expression in cultured rat liver cells of two genes associated with in vivo liver cancer.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We studied the effects of a zinc-inducible metallothionein-ras fusion gene (MTrasT24) in cultured rat liver epithelial (RLE) cells on expression of two genes induced during liver carcinogenesis in vivo: gamma-glutamyltransferase [(5-glutamyl)-peptide:amino acid 5-glutamyltransferase, EC 2.3.2.2] and glutathione S-transferase-P (RX:glutathione R-transferase, EC 2.5.1.18). Expression of MTrasT24 increased steady-state RNA levels of gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P 6- to 100-fold and 1.6- to 6-fold, respectively; in contrast, levels of alpha-tubulin RNA fell slightly or were unchanged. RNA gel blots verified that gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P RNAs were of the appropriate size, and results from immunocytochemistry on transfected cells demonstrated that RLE cells carrying MTrasT24 synthesized immunoreactive, appropriately localized gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P. Zinc induction studies indicated that gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P RNA levels were directly dependent on MTrasT24 RNA levels. These data suggest that expression of gamma-glutamyltransferase and glutathione transferase-P expression are part of a reorientation of cellular gene expression during carcinogenesis and that activated ras expression, like chemical carcinogens, can bring about this change.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Li YC; Seyama T; Godwin AK; Winokur TS; Lebovitz RM; Lieberman MW
  • Start Page

  • 344
  • End Page

  • 348
  • Volume

  • 85
  • Issue

  • 2