First-in-human trial of MIV-150 and zinc acetate coformulated in a carrageenan gel: Safety, pharmacokinetics, acceptability, adherence, and pharmacodynamics

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Objective: To evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of MIV-150 and zinc acetate in a carrageenan gel (PC-1005). Acceptability, adherence, and pharmacodynamics were also explored. Design: A 3-day open-label safety run-in (n 5) preceded a placebo-controlled, double-blind trial in healthy, HIV-negative, abstinent women randomized (4:1) to vaginally apply 4 mL of PC-1005 or placebo once daily for 14 days. Methods: Assessments included physical examinations, safety labs, colposcopy, biopsies, cervicovaginal lavages (CVLs), and behavioral questionnaires. MIV-150 (plasma, CVL, tissue), zinc (plasma, CVL), and carrageenan (CVL) concentrations were determined with LC-MS/MS, ICP-MS, and ELISA, respectively. CVL antiviral activity was measured using cell-based assays. Safety, acceptability, and adherence were analyzed descriptively. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental techniques and actual sampling times. CVL antiviral EC 50 values were calculated using a dose-response inhibition analysis. Results: Participants (n 20) ranged from 19-44 years old; 52% were black or African American. Among those completing the trial (13/17, PC-1005; 3/3, placebo), 11/17 reported liking the gel overall; 7 recommended reducing the volume. Adverse events, which were primarily mild and/or unrelated, were comparable between groups. Low systemic MIV-150 levels were observed, without accumulation. Plasma zinc levels were unchanged from baseline. Seven of seven CVLs collected 4-hour postdose demonstrated antiviral (HIV, human papillomavirus) activity. High baseline CVL anti-herpes-simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) activity precluded assessment of postdose activity. Conclusions: PC-1005 used vaginally for 14 days was well tolerated. Low systemic levels of MIV-150 were observed. Plasma zinc levels were unchanged. Postdose CVLs had anti-HIV and anti-human papillomavirus activity. These data warrant further development of PC-1005 for HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention.
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    Author List

  • Friedland BA; Hoesley CJ; Plagianos M; Hoskin E; Zhang S; Teleshova N; Alami M; Novak L; Kleinbeck KR; Katzen LL
  • Start Page

  • 489
  • End Page

  • 496
  • Volume

  • 73
  • Issue

  • 5