Do older drivers at-risk for crashes modify their driving over time?

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Five-year driving habit trajectories among older adults (n = 645) at-risk for crashes were examined. Performance measures included Useful Field of View (UFOV). Motor-Free Visual Perception Test, Rapid Walk, and Foot Tap. Self-report measures included demographics and the Driving Habits Questionnaire. Longitudinal random-effects models revealed that drivers at-risk for subsequent crashes, based upon UFOV, regulated their driving more than the lower-risk participants. Restricted driving was present at baseline for the at-risk group and was observed in longitudinal trajectories that controlled for baseline differences. Results indicate that persons at-risk for subsequent crashes increasingly limit their driving over time. Despite this self-regulation, a larger sample of such older drivers was twice as likely to incur subsequent at-fault crashes. Results suggest that self-regulation among older drivers at-risk for crashes is an insufficient compensatory approach to eliminating increased crash risk. UFOV is a registered trademark of Visual Awareness, Inc.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Accidents, Traffic, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Aptitude, Attention, Automobile Driver Examination, Cognition, Cohort Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Maryland, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Prospective Studies, Psychometrics, Psychomotor Performance, Reaction Time, Risk Factors
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ross LA; Clay OJ; Edwards JD; Ball KK; Wadley VG; Vance DE; Cissell GM; Roenker DL; Joyce JJ
  • Start Page

  • 163
  • End Page

  • 170
  • Volume

  • 64
  • Issue

  • 2