© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Introduction: Autosomal dominant haploinsufficiency of GATA2 causes monocytopenia and natural killer cell lymphopenia, resulting in predisposition to mycobacterial, fungal, and viral infections. Methods: Herein we report on the clinical, serologic, electrophysiologic, and pathologic evaluations of a 29-year-old woman with GATA2 haploinsufficiency and active Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection complicated by subacute painful neuropathy. Results: Nerve conduction and electromyography studies showed predominantly demyelinating sensorimotor polyradiculoneuropathy. Lumbar spine MRI showed thickening and enhancement of the cauda equina nerve roots. Serum and cerebrospinal fluid anti-IgG and IgM EBV capsid and nucleic acid antibodies were positive. Sural nerve biopsy showed microvasculitis and an increased frequency of fibers with segmental demyelination. Intravenous immunoglobulin and steroids improved the patient's neuropathy. Conclusion: GATA2 mutation–related immunodeficiency may predispose to EBV-associated subacute demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy by both viral susceptibility and immune dysregulation. In patients who present in this manner, immunodeficiency syndromes should be considered when lymphomatous infiltration is excluded. Immunotherapy can be helpful. Muscle Nerve 57: 150–156, 2018.