Analyses of hla linkage in white families with multiple cases of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Families with multiple cases of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), identified through 2 probands with the disease, were analyzed for genetic linkage between an autosomal susceptibility gene for RA and the HLA loci. These analyses were carried out over a wide range of penetrances (0.1–0.4), with prevalence for the disease fixed at 0.01 or 0.04. In some models, a sporadic frequency of 20% was assumed. Close linkage to the HLA loci was ruled out for all models where the gene was autosomal dominant, except for those with low penetrance and with prevalence set at 0.04. The models in which the gene was autosomal recessive produced results similar to those in models where it was autosomal dominant when prevalence was set at 0.01, and close linkage was ruled out, except at very low penetrances. With prevalence set at 0.04, the autosomal recessive gene model produced log odds scores which were all negative (−2.6 to −0.3). Therefore, the evidence in these families does not support close linkage with HLA, even though a significant DR4 RA population association exists. The data suggest that non‐major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes may contribute to the development of RA and, therefore, disease susceptibility may involve the genetic interaction of one or more MHC genes and non‐MHC genes, in addition to environmental agents. Copyright © 1987 American College of Rheumatology
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • C P Go R; Alarcón GS; Acton RT; Koopman WJ; Vittor VJ; Barger BO
  • Start Page

  • 1115
  • End Page

  • 1123
  • Volume

  • 30
  • Issue

  • 10