Masked comparison of silicone hydrogel lotrafilcon A and etafilcon A extended-wear bandage contact lenses after photorefractive keratectomy

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: To compare the efficacy of 2 types of bandage contact lenses (BCLs) after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Setting: Navy Refractive Surgery Center, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California, USA. Methods: In this prospective study, 100 patients received PRK in both eyes. Each patient received a BCL composed of etafilcon A (Acuvue [ACV], Vistakon Inc.) (14.0 diameter, 8.4/8.8 base curve) in 1 eye and lotrafilcon A (Focus Night & Day [N&D], Ciba Vision) (13.8 diameter, 8.4/8.6 base curve) in the fellow eye. The patient was masked to the lens type in each eye. The postoperative medication regimen was the same with both lenses. The epithelial defect size and subjective level of discomfort were measured at surgery and daily after surgery until both eyes had reepithelialized and the lenses were removed. Results: The mean epithelial defect size at surgery was similar with both BCLs (ACV 57.07 mm2 and N&D 57.53 mm2; P =. 422). On postoperative days 1 and 2, the mean defect size was significantly smaller in eyes with the N&D lens (day 1, ACV 21.53 and N&D 18.74; day 2, ACV 3.62 and N&D 2.12) (paired t test, P<.001). On day 1, no eye had completely reepithelialized; on day 2, 20 eyes with N&D lenses and 13 eyes with ACV lenses had. On day 3, 70 eyes with N&D lenses and 66 eyes with ACV lenses had reepithelialized. The mean discomfort index was significantly higher in the eyes with ACV lenses on days 1 and 2 (paired t test, P<.001 and P<.002, respectively). Topical nonpreserved tetracaine was used significantly more often in eyes with ACV lenses on days 1, 2, and 3 (paired t test, P<.001, P<.008, P<.003, respectively). No correlation between the use of tetracaine in the first 24 hours and the rate of reepithelialization was noted (R2 = 0.0025 for ACV and R2 = 0.0003 for N&D). Conclusion: The lotrafilcon A lens resulted in significantly faster corneal reepithelialization and reduced patient discomfort in most patients during the first 48 hours after PRK. © 2005 ASCRS and ESCRS.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Engle AT; Laurent JM; Schallhorn SC; Toman SD; Newacheck JS; Tanzer DJ; Tidwell JL
  • Start Page

  • 681
  • End Page

  • 686
  • Volume

  • 31
  • Issue

  • 4