Large-field intravascular ultrasound for annular sizing and predicting paravalvular regurgitation during TAVR: Comparisons with multidetector computed tomography and transoesophageal echocardiography

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2017. Aims The use of contrast media with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) may induce acute kidney injury in patients with renal failure undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We investigated the role of large-field intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) vs. MDCT and two-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (2D-TEE) for annular sizing and predicting paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) during TAVR. Methods and Results The aortic annulus was measured by large-field IVUS and 2D-TEE, and compared with MDCT in 50 patients undergoing TAVR. The IVUS and MDCT annular areas and diameters were not significantly different (446 ± 87 mm 2 and 23.8 ± 84 mm vs. 466 ± 84 mm 2 and 24 ± 2.1 mm, respectively; P > 0.05). IVUS and MDCT mean annular diameters were significantly greater than TEE diameter (23.8 ± 2.4 and 24 ± 2.1 vs. 22 ± 0.65 mm, respectively; P < 0.01). PVR ≥ Mild occurred in 13 patients (26%); 5 patients required post-dilation and 2 patients a second valve. Receiver operating characteristic analyses showed that transcatheter heart valve (THV) area ' IVUS or MDCT areas equally predicted of ≥ mild PVR (areas under the curve [AUC] 0.79 and 0.81, respectively; P < 0.001), and were greater than THV diameter-TEE diameter (AUC 0.79 and 0.81 vs. 0.56, respectively; P < 0.05). Conclusions The aortic annular measurements and predicting PVR by large field IVUS were not significantly different from those of MDCT, but were greater than those of TEE. Large filed IVUS can be reliably used in lieu of MDCT for annular sizing in patients with aortic stenosis and renal failure or suboptimal MDCT images.
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    Author List

  • Hakim D; Ghimire G; Alli OO; Singh S; Sasse MF; Booker OJ; Arora G; Leesar T; Jernigan L; Melby SJ
  • Start Page

  • 1404
  • End Page

  • 1413
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 12