Optimal growth conditions for the determination of the antifungal susceptibility of three species of dermatophytes with the use of a microdilution method

Academic Article

Abstract

  • As a prerequisite to standardization of dermatophyte susceptibility testing, conditions that support optimal growth of different dermatophyte species must be established. Eighteen isolates of Trichophyton spp. (T rubrum, T mentagrophytes, T tonsurans) were grown in 4 different media: RPMI 1640 with L-glutamine, without sodium bicarbonate and buffered at pH = 7.0; antibiotic medium 3 (Penassay); yeast nitrogen base with 0.5% dextrose buffered at pH = 7.0; and Sabouraud dextrose broth. Incubation for 6 days at 35°C produced the following results: RPMI and Sabouraud dextrose supported equally sufficient growth for all strains tested; Penassay supported growth of only 33% of the isolates tested, and buffered yeast nitrogen base did not support growth of any isolates. RPMI was selected as the optimal medium, and organisms were tested at both 30°C and 35°C with a standardized inoculum density of 103 conidia/mL. No temperature differences were noted in the amount of growth of the dermatophytes tested. With RPMI at an incubation temperature of 35°C, 3 inoculum sizes (103, 104, and 105 conidia/mL) were tested against 4 antifungal agents: griseofulvin, itraconazole, terbinafine, and fluconazole. Inoculum size did not affect minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) results for itraconazole or terbinafine, but a larger inoculum produced a slightly higher MIC for griseofulvin and a noticeably higher MIC for fluconazole. Our data support the use of RPMI 1640, 35°C, and 4 days as an incubation temperature and time, respectively, and an inoculum of 103 conidia/mL as optimal conditions for the determination of the antifungal susceptibility of dermatophytes.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Norris HA; Elewski BE; Ghannoum MA
  • Start Page

  • S9
  • Volume

  • 40
  • Issue

  • 6 II