Cutaneous mycoses in children

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This article describes common cutaneous mycoses in children: mucocutaneous candidiasis, pityriasis versicolor, tinea corporis, tinea pedis, onychomycosis and tinea capitis. Topical therapy is effective in tinea corporis and pedis, pityriasis versicolor and cutaneous candidiasis. It is ineffective in tinea capitis, in immunocompromised children and onychomycosis. Griseofulvin has been the main treatment until now in children, but it is only fungistatic, may cause interactions and has to be given for long periods. Ketoconazole has not been widely accepted for use in children because of hepatotoxicity and it is not as effective as griseofulvin. There are few data on paediatric use of fluconazole, although it is available in liquid form, has an excellent safety profile and may become important for treating paediatric mycoses. Similarly, there are only limited. data on itraconazole in this area, with most experience in tinea capitis. There is only a 100-mg capsule available, which is not easy to administer in paediatric dosages. All azoles have the potential for drug interaction. Most experience in the treatment of children with the allylamine, terbinafine, has been in tinea capitis. A treatment time of 4 weeks with terbinafine and 8 weeks with griseofulvin has produced similar results at 12 weeks. There are also limited data on the use of terbinafine in paediatric onychomycosis. Terbinafine has the best safety profile, least risk of drug interactions and may be the most suitable alternative to griseofulvin in children. The lack of a liquid formulation may preclude its use. Itraconazole and fluconazole are also potential replacement drugs for griseofulvin.
  • Authors

    Author List

  • Elewski BE
  • Start Page

  • 7
  • End Page

  • 11
  • Volume

  • 134
  • Issue

  • 46